Seasons in the mountains
There are four different seasons in the Norwegian mountains. Summer is the time for hiking across expansive plains and up to dramatic peaks. Thousands of miles of marked trails and hundreds of serviced and unserviced cabins await you, making the Norwegian mountain wilderness easily accessible. Standing 6,560 feet above sea level with views through 360 degrees does something to you. It opens up your mind.
In autumn, nature is busy preparing for winter and the landscape glows red and yellow. The fresh air and bright colours are extreme. It is a time for cloudberries and blueberries, and hunting grouse and reindeer.
And so comes winter, draping the landscape in its pure, white cloak. Norway provides alpine skiing facilities for most people, with families and extreme skiers able to find suitable conditions, and cross-country skiing trails prepared throughout the country. Do as so many Norwegians do, pop some oranges and chocolate in your backpack, clip on your skis and experience the sense of freedom that comes from striking out across the endless open spaces.
Winter is the longest of the mountain seasons, but when spring arrives, nature comes back to life, once again enticing visitors to explore the mountains and valleys on foot or in the saddle, and fish in the countless mountain lakes.
Facts about Norwegian mountains
Some 44% of Norway's land area consists of mountains and mountain plateaus.
In Norway, anything above the tree line is often considered mountain. This can vary from sea-level in the extreme north of Norway, to around 4,000 feet above sea level in Southern Norway.
Norway's tallest mountain is Galdhøpiggen in Jotunheimen National Park, standing 8,100 feet above sea level. Its summit was first reached in 1850 by a group of three men from nearby Lom; a teacher, a church singer and a farmer. In the summer season there is a small kiosk on the summit.
The second highest is Glittertind, also in Jotunheimen National Park, at 8,083 feet above sea level, including the snowcap.
Juvasshytta cabin lies by the foot of Galdhøpiggen, at 6,040 feet above sea level, and is a popular starting point for the trek to the summit. The road there is Norway's highest road made for car traffic.
Norway has between 230 and 300 mountain peaks above 6,000 feet, depending on which definition you use.
There are 1,000 mountain peaks in Norway that exceed 5,400 feet above sea level, given a topographic prominence of 165 feet or more.
Nearly 85% (by area) of Norway's 44 national parks are mountains.
Trollveggen ("The Troll Wall") by Romsdalsfjorden in Fjord Norway is the tallest vertical cliff face in Europe, with 3,600 feet from base to summit. It has a 160 feet overhang.
Hiking and skiing in the mountains are a popular pasttime for Norwegians and tourists alike, but prepare well and stay safe:
The brochures give you useful information, for example about the equipment and clothing you should pack, as well as first aid advice and some information about the Norwegian rescue service.
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