Sarpsborg has existed as a town for almost 1,000 years. The first settlers came about 7,000 years ago, at that time the sea level was 50 meters higher than it is today.
In the year 1016, the Norwegian King Olav Haraldsson sailed up the river Glomma with his long ships. His boats finally stopped by the Sarpsfossen Waterfall. And he soon realized that the area was ideal for establishing a meeting point. He created the first site for the town Sarpsborg.
During the Nordic war (1563-1570) the Swedes burned down the town, and King Fredrik II decided to re-build the city closer to the mouth of Glomma. The town was given the name Fredrikstad.
In 1702 the remains of the town disappeared in a great landslide. Sarpsborg re-won its town status in 1839.
Sarpsborg is situated in the south of Østfold. Part of the municipality, including the town center, is built on an end moraine and therefore it lays higher than the rest of its surroundings.
The countryside is diverse and rich in experiences with forests, waterways and lakes.
The coastline is dotted with beaches.
Sarpsborg has a track record for having the most sunny days in Norway according to the Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
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Sarpsborg is both a municipality and a town with 51,000 inhabitants situated in the county of Østfold, southeast in Norway.
Key facts about Sarpsborg
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