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Winter in Tromsø, Norway - Photo: Bård Løken
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Winter in Tromsø, Norway Photo: Bård Løken

Key facts about Tromsø

Located 350 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle, Tromsø is the capital of the Arctic, surrounded by beautiful fjords and mountains.

Facts and figures

Tromsø has a population of about 70,000 and covers an area of 2,516 square kilometers.

Tromsø is home to the world's northernmost universitybotanical garden and cathedral.

History

Human settlement in Tromsø dates back more than 10,000 years, whilst the local Sami culture is at least 2,000 years old. Tromsø was founded in 1794. In the 1850s, Tromsø became the center for trapping in the Arctic region. In the early 1900s, it was the starting point for expeditions to the Arctic and Antarctic regions, hence its nickname - "Gateway to the Arctic".

Seasons and climate

In spite of its location so far north, Tromsø enjoys a moderate oceanic climate. From 20 May to 22 July, the midnight sun is a special experience, with daylight 24 hours for two months.

Between 21 November and 21 January, the sun disappears below the horizon and the polar night sets in. It is not completely dark in the middle of the day, however, and the light and colour in the sky during that time of year is very special - it is called the blue twilight.

The winter in Tromsø is not especially cold. The average January temperature is -4°C. There is often a lot of snow and the relatively mild winter is perfect for outdoor activities.

Northern lights

Tromsø is among the best places on earth to observe the northern lights, with a season that lasts from September throughout March. However, chances of spotting the northern lights depend on the cloud cover and the amount of solar activity and are therefore difficult to predict.

Northern lights safaris and nightly visits to northern light camps along with activities such as dog sleddingsnowmobile rides and reindeer sledding are all popular in the Tromsø area in winter. See what to do in Tromsø.

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Last updated:  2013-10-24
The Lyngen Alps, Norway - Photo: Eiliv Leren
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Winter in Tromsø, Norway - Photo: Bård Løken

Key facts about Tromsø

Located 350 kilometers north of the Arctic Circle, Tromsø is the capital of the Arctic, surrounded by beautiful fjords and mountains.

Key facts about Tromsø

Source: Visitnorway

About Tromsø

Tourist Information in Troms

Troms Reiseliv runs a year-round tourist information office for Troms County.

Tourist information in Tromsø

Tromsø Tourist Information Office is located in the city center, within walking distance of buses, ferries, Hurtigruten and most city hotels.

Key facts about Troms

Archipelagos, fjords and mountains create the frame for the county of Troms with added colour from the midnight sun and northern lights.

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