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Sami lunch in the lavvu with Sami people in Alta, Northern Norway - Photo: CH - visitnorway.com
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Sami lunch in the lavvu with Sami people in Alta, Northern Norway Photo: CH - visitnorway.com

Historical milestones

The earliest signs of human settlement in Norway date back to 9000 BC. Norway was united to one kingdom 900 AD and got its own constitution in 1814.
9000 BC - 8000 BC Earliest signs of human settlement.
8000 BC - 4000 BC Old Stone Age, hunters and fishermen, rock carvings.
4000 BC - 1500 BC New Stone Age, early agriculture, livestock.
1500 BC - 500 BC Bronze Age, agricultural tools, jewellery, glass, weapons.
500 BC - 800 AD Iron Age, iron ploughs and scythes.
800 AD - 1050 AD Viking Age, longships, trade and conquest, runic inscriptions, voyages of discovery, Leif Eiriksson and the Vikings discover America.
900 AD Norway united into one kingdom.
1030 Christianity adopted in Norway.
1130 Start of High Middle Ages, population growth, and consolidation of power both of church and crown.
1100  –  1200 Monarchy controls the church, slavery abolished.
1350 The Black Death reduces the population by almost two-thirds.
1380  –  1397 Union with Denmark through royal intermarriage.
1397  –  1536 The Kalmar Union with both Denmark and Sweden. Strong conflicts within the union.
1536 Norway ceases to be an independent kingdom and becomes a dependency under Denmark. Religious reformation.
1814 The Norwegian Constitution adopted, based on the American Declaration of Independence.
1814  –  1905 Union with Sweden.
1905 Full Norwegian independency. Haakon VII crowned king of Norway.
1913 Universal suffrage for women introduced.
1914 Norway, Sweden and Denmark agree to remain neutral during World War I.
1920 Norway joins the League of Nations.
1925 The capital of Norway changes name from Christiania to Oslo.
1929 Norway suffers considerably as a result of the world economic depression.
1939 Norway declares its neutrality at the outbreak of World War II.
1940 German forces invade Norway on 9 April. A government-in-exile is set up in London. Vidkun Quisling proclaims himself head of government in Norway.
1945 German forces in Norway surrender on 8 May. Quisling is executed for treason. Norway becomes a charter member of the United Nations (UN).
1949 Norway joins the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
1952 Winter Olympics in Oslo.
1957 Death of Haakon VII - Olav V crowned king.
1959 Norway becomes founder member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).
Late 1960s Oil and gas deposits discovered in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea.
1970s Exploitation of oil and gas deposits begins. By the early 1980s they constitute nearly one-third of Norway's annual export earnings.
1972 In a referendum, Norwegians reject the Labour government's recommendation on European Economic Community (EEC) membership.
The government resigns.
1973 Norway signs a free trade agreement with the EEC.
1981 Gro Harlem Brundtland becomes Norway's first female Prime Minister.
1986 The International Whaling Commission imposes a temporary ban on whaling. Norway registers objections.
1991 Death of Olav V - Harald V becomes king.
1993 Norway brokers peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which lead to the Oslo Accords.
Norway resumes commercial whaling despite international moratorium.
1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.
1994 Norwegians again reject membership of the European Union (EU) in a referendum.
1995 Norway becomes the second-largest oil exporter after Saudi Arabia.
2000 The government of Kjell Magne Bondevik resigns over questions on how Norway should generate its power. He is succeeded by Labour leader Jens Stoltenberg.
2001 The Conservatives, Christian People's Party and Liberals agree to form a coalition government with Kjell Magne Bondevik as prime minister.
2005 Prime Minister Bondevik loses general election to the center-left alliance led by Labour leader Jens Stoltenberg.
2007 The financial crisis gradually hits Norway as it hits the rest of the world.
2008 A new national opera house opens in Oslo.
The famous Old Holmenkollen Ski Jump is demolished.
2009 American president Barack Obama receives the Nobel Peace Prize.
2010 The New Holmenkollen Ski Jump opens.
2013 General election results in Høyre (the Conservative Party) and Fremskrittspartiet (the Progress Party) forming a new minority coalition government, led by Erna Solberg.
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Last updated:  2013-12-18
 - Photo: Jens Henrik Nybo/Innovation Norway
 - Photo: Nancy Bundt/Innovation Norway

Interest:  About Norway, Historical milestones

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Sami lunch in the lavvu with Sami people in Alta, Northern Norway - Photo: CH - visitnorway.com

Historical milestones

The earliest signs of human settlement in Norway date back to 9000 BC. Norway was united to one kingdom 900 AD and got its own constitution in 1814.

Historical milestones

Source: Visitnorway

Explore Norway

Experience northern lights or midnight sun above the Arctic Circle, or visit the world famous Norwegian fjords with tall mountains and glaciers.

About Norway

Norway has a population of about 5 million and covers an area of 385,155 square kilometres. The official Head of State is King Harald V.

Seasons, Weather and Climate in Norway

Due to the Gulf Stream and warm air currents, Norway has a friendlier climate than the latitude indicates. Check our weather report before you travel.

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