Go to content Go to navigation
Luster

Jostedal

Jostedal Photo: Terje Rakke / Nordic Life / Luster Reiselivslag
Jostedal Photo: Terje Rakke / Nordic Life / Luster Reiselivslag

Contact information

Description

The valley of Jostedalen offers spectacular scenery, mainly shaped by glacial erosion. Glacial faults and fractures underneath the glacier have favoured erosional forces, garving out valleys, hanging valleys, cirques and mountain passes from the old mountainous plain.

The largest glacier in Northern Europe, Jostedalsbreen, 487 km2 , covers the high mountain plateau northwest of Jostedalen. 22 named outlets - "glacial arms or tongues" - flow from the plateau glacier, 11 of these into the hanging valleys running more or less vertically to the main valley, Jostedalen. Hanging valleys are found on both sides and can be seen as bowl-shaped openings high up on the hillsides.

The most famous glacial outlets are Nigardsbreen, Bergsetbreen and Austdalsbreen. More than 30'000 tourists come to see Nigardsbreen each year. The well preserved moraine landscape in front of the glaciers, especially Nigardsbreen, tells us much about deglaciation history.

At Nigard there are many moraines which can be traces across the valley and up the hills on both sides. These have been dated by biochemical dating and found to be from the period called "the Little Ice Age" that culminated about 250 years ago. A detoriation in climatic conditions made the Jostedalen glacier grow, and the outlets surged forward or flowed down the valleys, damaging farms and vegetation, and people's livelihood. Although this was a natural disaster at the time, the event has been extremely useful to the scientists of today when studying the invasion of plants and animals onto virgin land.

The deglaciation history is also better understood thanks to these more recent forms. Very clear moraine landscapes were left, forming a very valuable documentation for scientists. The outmost moraine ridge is called the 1750 moraine, and tells us when "the Little Ice Age" culminated. Today, the Nigard valley, the Nigard glacier and some other special areas such as the Fåbergstølsgrandane are highly regarded, both as scientifically interesting areas as well as objects for environmental protection.
Close
Embed this article

Copy and paste this code into your blog/website

Preview

Jostedal - Photo: Terje Rakke / Nordic Life / Luster Reiselivslag

Jostedal

The valley of Jostedalen offers spectacular scenery, mainly shaped by glacial erosion. Glacial faults and fractures underneath the glacier have...

Jostedal

Source: Visitnorway

Disclaimer

This site includes information about products and services provided by third parties. Whilst Innovation Norway endeavours to ensure that all information on the site is accurate, we cannot be held responsible or liable for any claims caused by information supplied on this website. Prices and availability are subject to change without notice. You should always check the accuracy of the information provided with the relevant supplier. Innovation Norway is under no circumstances responsible for the contents of external web pages linking to its website. Legal disclaimer.

Ad
Ad

More about this area

Shopping in the Sognefjord area

With more than 70 shops, the small town of Sogndal is the shopping and service center for the region.

Tourist information in Flåm

The Flåm Tourist Office has brochures of the area, and can help you book accommodation, tickets for round trips and fjord cruises.

The Sognefjord

Norway’s longest and deepest fjord extends inland to the national parks of Jotunheimen and Jostedalsbreen.

Getting to Flåm and around

Flåm is located in the heart of Western Norway, easily accessible by car, bus, boat or train.

Where to stay in Flåm

In Flåm there is a variety of different types of accommodation, from top of the range tourist hotels to cabins, holiday apartments and camp sites.

Hiking in the Sognefjord area

The Sognefjord area is a paradise for hiking enthusiasts with a great variety of routes for both experienced and inexperienced adventurers.
TEXT ADS
  • Ad
  • Ad
  • Ad
  • Ad
Ad
Ad

Subscribe to newsletter