The Sognefjord itself is 126 miles long and lies in the heart of Fjord Norway, where it carves its way from the coast, just north of Bergen, to the mighty mountains of the Jotunheimen National Park and the blue ice of the Jostedalsbreen National Park.
Skjolden is the innermost village.
The Sognefjord is not only Norway's longest fjord; it is also the deepest. At its deepest, the fjord plunges to more than 4,265 feet and the mountains along the fjord rise to more than 5,577 feet.
Every arm of the long Sognefjord has its own name. The most narrow and famous fjord arm, the Nærøyfjord, is only 820 feet wide at its narrowest.
Other picturesque and well-known fjord arms are the Lusterfjord, Fjærlandsfjord and Finnafjord. These fjords often have a beautiful emerald green colour because of the meltwater from the glaciers.
Municipalities in the Sognefjord area
Sogn og Fjordane.
Hemsedal, Valdres, Lom, Skjåk, Stryn/Nordfjord, Sunnfjord, Outer Sognefjord, Osterfjord, Voss, Hardangerfjord, Hol/Geilo and Ål in Hallingdal.
The approximately 30,000 inhabitants live together in small, idyllic villages along the fjords and in the valleys.
"Sognamål" – a distinctive Norwegian dialect. The Sognefjord people can normally communicate well in English and some also in German, Italian, Spanish, French and other languages.
Tourism started in the area more than 150 years ago. The first tourists were wealthy adventurers interested in the amazing scenery, salmon fishing or mountaineering. Many of them were British.
Most visited attraction
Flåmsbana – the steep and spectacular Flåm Railway
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
The Nærøyfjord and Urnes Stave Church (Norway's oldest stave church).
Other landscape preservation areas
There are also several bird and wetland reserves.
Most interesting glacier arms
Vettisfossen in Utladalen
Store Skagastølstind (Storen) in Turtagrø, Luster (7,890 feet above sea level).
Most famous construction
Lærdalstunnelen – the world's longest road tunnel, at 15 miles.
National visitor's centres
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