Go to content Go to navigation
A fisherman in Finnmark, Norway - Photo: Trym Ivar Bergsmo/Finnmark Tourist Board
  |  
A fisherman in Finnmark, Norway Photo: Trym Ivar Bergsmo/Finnmark Tourist Board

Key facts about Finnmark

The county of Finnmark covers an area of 48,637 square kilometers and has approximately 72,000 inhabitants.

Climate

Finnmark is on the same latitude as Siberia, Greenland and Alaska, but thanks to the Gulf Stream, the harbours along the coast of Finnmark do not freeze over and the area enjoys relatively mild winters.

There is normally a lot of snow during the winter. Many parts of the region are surrounded by mountains which provide shelter from the winds and cold from the sea.

Inland, near the Finnish border, it can get extremely cold in the winter, and the summers are often warm and dry. Still the weather and temperatures can change quickly throughout the entire region.

The midnight sun and northern lights

The Arctic Circle marks the starting point for the midnight sun. The further north you travel, the longer these periods last.

On the Arctic coast, the sun does not set for two and a half months. And then the autumn darkness gradually takes over. During the autumn and winter when the sky is clear, you can experience the northern lights, an unforgettable sight, as hues of green, pink and purple dance across the skies. 

The Sami

The Sami people are an indigenous people resident in four countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Estimates show that there are approximately 50,000 - 100,000 Sami living in these countries, and that slightly more than half of them reside in Norway.

It has not been possible to ascertain how long the Sami have lived in Finnmark, but from around the time of the birth of Christ, the local culture shows distinctive characteristics that we recognise in the Sami culture of later times.

Important towns in Finnmark

  • Alta (18,000 inhabitants)
  • Hammerfest (9,300 inhabitants)
  • Honningsvåg (3,250 inhabitants)
  • Kirkenes (9,500 inhabitants)
  • Vardø (2,400 inhabitants)
  • Vadsø (6,100 inhabitants)

History

The county of Finnmark has an interesting and dramatic history, strongly characterised by its proximity to neighbouring Finland and Russia. Finnish language and culture are still alive after extensive immigration from Finland in the 1800s, and coastal Finnmark has long traditions in trade with the East – the so-called Pomor Trade.

World War II
In the autumn of 1944, almost all of Finnmark was burned to the ground during the German retreat. The reconstruction of Finnmark started as soon as the war was over. Most people rebuilt their homes where those had stood before, and thousands of identical square houses in various colours started popping up all over Finnmark - these have remained a distinctive characteristic of the county to this day.

Book your stay and transportation now

Best prices guaranteed by BookNorway. 

  • Cottages and cabins 
    Search among more than 2,500 cottages and cabins.
  • Hotels 
    Search for hotels at 600 Norwegian destinations.
  • Flights 
    Search all flight options to and within Norway.
  • Ferries 
    Search the widest selection of ferry lines and routes.
  • Car rental 
    Search for car rental and compare prices at more than 100 destinations.
 
Ad
Ad
Last updated:  2012-12-19
Reindeer by the Varangerfjord, Norway - Photo: Jarkko Autero
Reindeer by the Varangerfjord, Norway
Northern lights in Finnmark, Norway - Photo: Jørn Tomter/Finnmark Reiseliv
Northern lights in Finnmark, Norway
Close
Embed this article

Copy and paste this code into your blog/website

Preview

A fisherman in Finnmark, Norway - Photo: Trym Ivar Bergsmo/Finnmark Tourist Board

Key facts about Finnmark

The county of Finnmark covers an area of 48,637 square kilometers and has approximately 72,000 inhabitants.

Key facts about Finnmark

Source: Visitnorway

About Finnmark

Finnmark

The vast county of Finnmark is the home of the Sami - Norway’s indigenous people. Experience midnight sun, northern lights and the North Cape.

Tourist Information in Finnmark

The tourist information offices in Finnmark will help you book accommodation and plan your trip.

Related videos

Related

Finnmark

TEXT ADS
  • Ad
  • Ad
  • Ad
  • Ad
Ad
Ad