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Eastern Norway Viken FREDRIKSTAD

In my faith, in my hope, in my love

  • Phønixbrygga, Fredrikstad
  •  /  km From You

Three monumental cast-iron heads are standing at the quayside in Fredrikstad. The sculptures are made by Jaume Plensa.

Three cast-iron heads are standing at the quayside in Fredrikstad. Their eyes are closed. The monumental size of the 4.5 metre sculptures contrasts with the peaceful, introverted expressions of the young women portrayed. The way in which the heads are stretched vertically gives them a floating, spiritual feel.

Plensas three heads are modelled from real people. The shape is processed digitally before it is produced in cast iron, conceived especially for this location.

The artist has long been inspired by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and it was a quote from Peer Gynt that inspired him to make the three-part artwork in Fredrikstad:

– When Peer returns from his journey, where he has failed as a human being in many ways, he asks his wife Solveig ‘Where was I as the one I should have been, whole and true?’ Solveig answers: ‘In my faith, in my hope, in my love’. With these words he is set free. It's a strong message, and I've wanted to make an artwork based on Solveig for quite some time. It was really fitting to do this as my first project in Norway.

– Although this is my motivation for the work, it's not necessary for the audience to know the story. Everyone is free to interpret it in his or her own way.


Skulpturstopp is a gift from Sparebankstiftelsen DNB to Norwegian municipalities.

  • Last Updated:
  • Source: Visit Fredrikstad & Hvaler
Statens Kartverk, Geovekst og kommuner - Geodata AS
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