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To an extent, all Norwegians have salt water in their veins and learn at an early age how to behave in boats and along the shore. Nevertheless, we all need some water safety tips in order to stay safe and dry.
Keep in mind that there might not be cell phone coverage where you are heading.
120 – Emergencies at sea
110 – Fire
112 – Police
113 – Ambulance
22 59 13 00 – Poisons Information Centre
1412 TDD (textphone for the deaf or hearing impaired)
Never leave a young child unattended near water.
Don’t trust a child’s life to another child. Teach children to always ask permission to go near water.
Teach the children that they risk drowning if they overestimate their swimming ability or underestimate water depth.
Think boat safety and plan your trip before you go. Knowledge and planning reduce the risks and increase the fun. Always tell someone where you’ll be going, when you expect to be back, and what your boat looks like. If you’re leasing a boat, you should give your leasing agent this information. Also, ask the locals where it is safe and where the waters are dangerous.
All the equipment on the boat must be in good condition and easily accessible. Familiarize yourself with the navigation system and other technical equipment on board. Being able to use this equipment correctly will significantly increase your safety.
Remember to bring a mobile phone, preferably stored in a waterproof plastic container. This will enable you to report any changes in your plans or call for assistance if needed.
Keep visual distress devices on board, such as pyrotechnic red flares, orange distress flags, or lights.
And don’t forget to bring enough fuel.
Check weather and water conditions before leaving shore. The weather, especially at sea, can change dramatically within minutes. Respect the waters and the weather and only use boats when the conditions are suitable. Don’t stay out too long before you return to land.
There are rules that apply to boats on the water, just like for cars on the road. It’s important to learn these rules to avoid a collision and maintain the safety of both yourself and others. Remember that safety, the environment, and the well-being of everybody is a common responsibility.
If you were born on 1 January 1980 or later, you must have at least a Yachtmaster Certificate of Competence (“båtførerprøven”) in order to pilot a boat over 8 metres in length or with more than 25 horsepower in Norwegian waters. Whilst not mandatory for those born earlier than this date, it is strongly recommended that they do the same. A similar or higher certification from an EEA/EU country will also be acceptable.
It is mandatory to bring a life jacket on your trip, and it is recommended that you wear it at all times. Insist that everyone wear a personal flotation device or life jacket whilst on board.
Make sure you are rested and sober. The blood-alcohol limit for a person in charge of a boat in Norway is 0.08 percent. Remember that alcohol affects your judgement and lowers your chances of survival in case of an accident.
Believe it or not, gravity also applies at sea. Make sure the weight is evenly distributed, and don’t overcrowd the boat, as this will obviously have a negative effect on your trip and compromise the safety on board.
If somebody falls overboard, it is important to get them back on the boat as soon as possible. Even in summer hypothermia can set in within minutes. If necessary, throw a flotation device to the victim, but do not jump in yourself. If the flotation device has a rope attached, or a flashing beacon, then so much the better. If you can’t to get the person out of the water, try towing him back to shore. Never leave anyone in the sea whilst you go to seek help.
When the person is back on board, get him out of wet clothes and into something dry as fast as possible. The priority is to prevent further heat loss from the body, which will usually continue to cool for 15 to 20 minutes after getting out of the water.
When helping somebody into your boat, be careful to not tip your vessel, especially if you’re in a small rowing boat, canoe, or kayak.
If your boat is overturned but still floating, don’t try to swim to safety, but stay nearby and await rescue. If you can, climb onto the boat, but be careful so that it doesn’t get unstable.
The wet and the cold is not only a dangerous problem at sea. You can just as easily fall in from the shore, whether you’re by the coast, a lake, or a river.
Much of Norway is steep and wet, a combination which makes for some great rafting. But don’t go rafting on your own. A guide should always accompany you, as they have the equipment and the know-how to assess the safety at any given time.
If you’re wading in a river, assess the force of the current carefully. The water has a lot of momentum and may sweep your legs from under you before you know it. A wading staff might help you keep your balance.
If you lose your footing in a river and are swept downstream, try to maintain a sitting position in the water, with your legs stretched out in the direction you are going, to protect yourself from hitting rocks and boulders. Keep your feet high in the water so that they don’t snag rocks and debris on the bottom, which can drag you under if the current is strong enough. You can control your direction and angle by “swimming” with your arms.
Stay safe by following these simple rules of thumb.
1. Learn to swim.
2. Never swim alone or allow others to do so.
3. Don’t go swimming if you are hungry, have just eaten, or have been drinking alcohol.
4. Check the water level before diving.
5. Swim along the shore. Don’t swim directly below a dock or a diving board.
6. Don’t exceed your swimming ability. Know your limits and stick to them.
7. Never push others into or under the water.
8. Get out of the water if you feel cold or sick.
9. Call for help only if you are in danger.
Never leave a young child unattended near water. Don’t trust a child’s life to another child. Teach children to always ask permission to go near water and that they risk drowning if they overestimate their swimming ability or underestimate water depth.
Countless lakes and rivers and an extensive coastline mean great opportunities for fishing, canoeing and kayaking, and rafting.
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